Formerly Varnland, an Ulfen colony, New Cheliax is the primary foothold of the devil-worshipping empire of Cheliax in Arcadia, and divided between four main groups: the Tlecaxanas, who ruled most of the land originally, and who now live primarily as serfs (for most of them, this isn’t vastly different than before the conquest); the Tulita, also original the area, but traditionally a seafaring rather than agricultural people; the Ulfen, its first Avistani conquerors; and the Chelish, who are currently in charge. Through their for-profit chartered government, the East Arcadia Company, the latter are interested in serious capitalist development: expanding the reach of state structures, laying down public works, concentrating slaves into latifunda to export cash crops and rare minerals, ending economically irrational abuses of the Tlecaxana majority, and so on. The Ulfen, by contrast, largely settled with the intent of achieving unlimited personal freedom, with each head of household ruling some homestead absolutely, answerable neither to slaves and family nor to any government. Many of the former Tlexcala ruling classes (nobles, priests, various forms of bureaucrats) are interested in regaining some manner of privilege by signing onto the Chelish state-building project, while others are plotting to rally the masses along nationalist lines against the foreign conquerors. The Tulita live along the southern Razor Coast, which was never very developed, and still maintain a degree of independence, though their whaling and fishing have been heavily disrupted, and many have fallen victim to slaving.
New Cheliax is mostly hot and wet; its big population centers – Canorus, Port Shaw, and [[Anchor’s End]] – as well as the center of Chelish wealth and power, are on its Western seaboard. Large sections of the interior were heavily irrigated, deforested and populated in Tlecaxana days, but decades of war and conquest (the League of Four, Ulfen, and then Chelish) have reversed these achievements, with the former canals no longer navigable, the jungles taking back their ancient claim, and former great metropolises inhabited only by bandit lords, the dead (whether of the traditional or ambulatory kind,) and gods know what. The EAC is currently dispersing funds to reclaim these, both for their inherent economic potential and because rebels are using them as a base of operations.